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Mnemotecnia de la palabra clave con dibujos y juicios metanemónicos de personas mayores [The keyword mnemonic reinforced with drawings and metamnemonic judgments in the elderly]

Alfredo Campos y Leticia Ameijide

Abstract

This study consisted of two experiments designed to assess the efficacy of the keyword mnemonic technique reinforced with drawings in comparison to the learner´s own learning strategies on recall and the following metamnemonic judgments: ease of learning (EOL), judgments of learning (JOL), and confidence level (CL) using a short word list i.e., 16 Latin words (Experiment 1), or a long word list, 32 Latin words (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1 involving 100 women, mean age 75.08 years, the keyword method reinforced with drawings was found to be more efficacious than the learner´s own learning strategies on recall and metamnemonic judgments. In Experiment 2 involving 100 women, mean age 74.72 years, the keyword method reinforced with drawings was more efficacious on recall and all of the metamnemonic judgments under study. In conclusion, the keyword mnemonic reinforced with drawings is effective in the elderly. Further studies are required to examine if these results can be replicated in participants of other ages, and for both genders.

Keywords: metamnemonic judgments; keywords; recall; elderly, drawings.

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Created On: 12/26/2013 13:55
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