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ISSN Digital 1989-9246  -  ISSN Impresa 2171-2069 

cons cul edu-cor-neg

Vol. 4, nº 2, julio 2013

Documents

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31-48 31-48

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Date added: 07/01/2013
Date modified: 09/18/2014
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Invarianza factorial de la prueba body image anxiety scale en universitarios de Ciencias Sociales


Rosalva Flores, Martha Ornelas, Jesús Viciana, Humberto Blanco, y Gabriel Gastélum


 

Abstract: The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Body Image Anxiety Scale (BIAS) on students of Social Sciences. The total sample comprised 589 participants; 376 women and 213 men, all of them freshman at Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua in the area of social sciences, with a mean age of 18.24 years (DS = 0.73). Psychometric analysis showed that a two-factorial structure was viable and adequate. The factor structure of the questionnaire was analyzed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The structure of the two factors, attending to substantive and statistic criteria, showed adequate indicators of adjustment of reliability and validity. In addition, factor analysis conducted with subsamples indicated the presence of strong evidence of factor structure stability. Future research should replicate these findings in larger samples.


Keywords: instrument construction; factor structure; measurement invariance; instrumental study; construct validation; structural equation.


17-30 17-30

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Date added: 07/01/2013
Date modified: 01/07/2014
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Interés terapéutico de cannabioides: Análisis bibliométrico en PUBMED, SCOPUS y Web of  Science


Lucía Martín-Banderas, Matilde Durán-Lobato, Mª Ángeles Holgado, Josefa Álvarez- Fuentes, y Mercedes Fernández-Arévalo


Abstract: This work analyses the scientific research worldwide on the therapeutic use of cannabinoids in various diseases, as well as the application of nanotechnology to the development of novel delivery systems for these drugs. For this purpose, three databases commonly used in the Health Science field; PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science (WoS), are studied comparatively. Results clearly show a growing interest on these molecules and their numerous therapeutic applications. The output from the three databases on the item cannabinoids is compared as well as its association with the item therapeutic. As it can be seen, Scopus and WoS show similar trends, despite the number of documents indexed in Scopus for the period 2007-2012 being lower than in the case of WoS. Nevertheless, PubMed shows a completely differing trend. Regarding the application of nanotechnology to the development of novel delivery systems for these drugs in the form of nano- and micro- spheres and particles, substantial differences are found. Scopus does not differentiate between the results for the items nanotechnology and microspheres, while Scopus and WoS provide the higher number of results for the association of nanoparticles + cannabinoids, with a total number of 10 research papers, 40% of which are Spanish.


Keywords: cannabinoids; therapeutic interest; nanotechnology; nanoparticles; development.


 

49-64 49-64

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Date added: 07/01/2013
Date modified: 01/07/2014
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Cómo promocionar la salud y el bienestar en la comunidad universitaria. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad Saludable


Ainhoa Romero, Silvia Cruz, Carmen Gallardo, y Cecilia Peñacoba


Abstract: Universities should contribute to promoting and increasing values that allow wellbeing, independence and the full development of their students and staff. The Universidad Rey Juan Carlos through the Office for Social Politics, Environmental Quality and Healthy University (Vicerrectorado de Política Social, Calidad Ambiental y Universidad Saludable) offers a program for Promotion of Health and Wellbeing (Programa de Promoción de la Salud y Bienestar) for the entire university community. The following article describes the initiatives that 181 volunteers participated in, either in individual or group settings for 8 sessions depending on their self-detected individual needs. Results show significant pre-post developments in four of the self-assessed variables: self-efficacy, positive and negative affect, and self-esteem. These developments were maintained throughout follow-up. No differences were found based on gender or group, but differences were found in affect depending on the type of therapy followed (individual vs. group). The practical implications of this initiative are highlighted as a way to promote health and wellbeing in a university context.


Keywords: health promotion; university; self-efficacy; affect; self-esteem


 

65-79 65-79

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Date modified: 01/07/2014
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Publicaciones sobre educación para la salud en las instituciones educativas españolas (1993-2013)


Manuel G. Jiménez-Torres, Daniel Guerrero-Ramos, y Manuel López-Sánchez


Abstract: In the last few years there has been an increasing tendency of studies which have been paying attention to issues related to health. This work is aimed to the study of the characteristics of the publications of health education which have been released in Spain for the last 20 years. Different scientific data have been consulted, analysing in each work the type of intervention, the topic dealt with, the methodology and their suitability to the criteria established by the World Health Organization (WHO) The results state: a) from the 245 articles studied, only four of them fulfilled the criteria established by The WHO for the educative institutions which promote health; b) The interventions are mainly focused on prevention rather than on health promotion, and c) the university institutions have a more prominent role than the no university ones to spread health promotion.


Keywords: education; health; promotion; bibliometric study; intervention.


 

1-15 1-15

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Date added: 07/01/2013
Date modified: 01/07/2014
Filesize: 268.25 kB
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Frecuencia e intensidad en el acoso escolar: ¿Qué es qué en la victimización?


Mercedes Novo, Dolores Seijo, Manuel Vilariño, y Mª José Vázquez


Abstract: The study of school bullying from a forensic point of view requires of a continuous on time and frequency i.e. intensity of the bullying behavior. Furthermore, the legal concept of school bulling also entails victimization. Additionally, as for a damage forensic proof to be admissible and valid, this must establish a causal relationship between the school bullying behaviors suffered and the damage. As for the psychological damages, the literature has identified that the school bullying victimization is related with both external and internal symptoms. Nevertheless, the forensic evidence of damage only rest on the internalizing, because from the externalizing the causal relationship may not be established. With the aim of knowing the effects of the intensity and continuity of bullying behaviors on the internalizing symptoms, a field study was designed. 110 adolescents, aged from 14 to 16 (M = 14.85) endorsed the Spanish adaptation of the MMPI-A (Butcher et al., 2003) for measuring the victimization and the AVE inventory (Piñuel and Oñate, 2006) The results showed differences, and with a large effect size, in the psychological injury mediated by both, the frequency and intensity of the suffered bullying behaviors. The implications of these results as for the mental health and youngster development are discussed.


Keywords: bullying; school violence; psychological


 

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