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ISSN Digital 1989-9246  -  ISSN Impresa 2171-2069 

cons cul edu-cor-neg

Vol. 2, nº 1, enero 2011


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1-26 1-26

Date added: 01/01/2011
Date modified: 09/17/2014
Filesize: 779.6 kB
Downloads: 2601

Study of the efficacy of the testimony reality categories of the Golbal Evaluation System (GES) in violence against woman cases

Manuel Vilariño, Mercedes Novo y Dolores Seijo

Abstract: With the aim of contrasting the efficiency of the reality criteria in the assessment of the credibility of the testimony in violence against woman cases, a study was design. In this line, the efficacy of the Global Evaluation System (GES) adapted to violence against woman cases was compared with the standard procedure used, the SVA/CBCA. For this, the statements of 25 real victims of gender violence, confirmed by a judicial sentence, and 25 from mock victims, were collected. The results showed that the reality criteria discriminated between real and mock victim statements. In relation to the validity of the statements, results revealed that the procedures based on two statements (i.e, GES) were more productive in the detection of fabricated statements than those based in one statement (i.e., SVA). Finally, data supported that the reality criteria of the GES specific for gender violence cases were more efficient in differentiate real from fabricated statements, than the reality criteria of the CBCA.

Keywords: credibility; reality criteria; testimony; statement; violence against women; maltreatment.




27-56 27-56

Date added: 01/01/2011
Date modified: 12/23/2013
Filesize: 371.5 kB
Downloads: 1588

Estilo de vida y el peso corporal en una comunidad portuguesa en transición: Un estudio de la relación entre la actividad física, los hábitos alimentarios y el índice de masa corporal

Catarina Almeida, João Salgado y Daniela Nogueira

Abstract: A study was designed with the aim of characterizing life style and the relation between eating habits and physical activity in children and adolescents in a geographical area of Portugal going through a transition from a rural to a more urban system. It was also analyzed the association between those variables and the body mass index (BMI). A total of 176 children and adolescents, ages ranging from 9 to 15 (6% of the target population), answered to a Portuguese adaptation of the Health and Behavior Survey. Moreover, their weight and height were also measured. Results showed that around 30% of the sample did not have a healthy pattern of physical activity and a large percentage also did not present a healthy pattern of eating habits. Regarding BMI, it was found that 15% children and adolescents were overweight and 18% with obesity problems. Taking into account the last results about Portuguese reality, the number of people with weight problems in this sample is alarming. Furthermore, it is notorious that these problems are not only typical of typical urban areas.

Keywords: life styles; physical activity; eating habits; obesity.

57-74 57-74

Date added: 01/01/2011
Date modified: 12/23/2013
Filesize: 671.61 kB
Downloads: 1767

Some relevant factors in the consumption and non consumption of nicotine in adolescence

Elena Gervilla, Berta Cajal, and Alfonso Palmer

Abstract: Tobacco is the second most consumed substance among Spanish adolescents and its effects on health are well known. The aim of this study is to analyze the predictor value of different personal, family and environmental factors on tobacco consumption in the adolescent population using appropriate modelling techniques and strategies included in Data Mining. The total sample is made up of 9,300 students aged between 14 and 18 years. The adolescents anonymously answered a questionnaire which asked about the frequency of use of addictive substances as well as a series of psychosocial variables. Tobacco consumption by friends, frequency of nights out, age, production of prohibited, impulsive behaviour and the control exerted by parents bear a statistically significant influence on the number of cigarettes consumed per week and constitute risk factors for initiating consumption. Future studies should analyze, using the techniques proposed in this work and longitudinal studies, whether the tougher anti-smoking laws have been transformed into a decrease in tobacco consumption in adolescents.

Keywords: nicotine; adolescence; data mining; decision tree.

75-98 75-98

Date added: 01/01/2011
Date modified: 12/23/2013
Filesize: 841.88 kB
Downloads: 3395

Violencia escolar en estudiantes de educación secundaria de Valparaíso (Chile): Comparación con una muestra española

Cristóbal Guerra, David Álvarez-García , Alejandra Dobarro, José Carlos Núñez, Lorena Castro y Judith Vargas

Abstract: Due to its negative effects on the development of students, school violence has become an increasingly relevant phenomenon of study around the world. This investigation attempts to underscore the perception of Chilean secondary school students about the frequency of several types of school violence. In addition it tries to identify the differences between Chilean students of different types of school and different grade. Finally, it tries to identify the differences between Chilean students and Spaniards students in regards to that perception. In order to do so, a questionnaire was handed out to 1075 Chilean students, and to 637 Spaniards students. Major levels of violence are found particularly in second grade of secondary school and in public municipal schools. A set of differences between Chilean and Spaniards students’ perceptions is found as well. The implications of these outcomes for the prevention and treatment of school violence in Chile are finally discussed.

Keywords: school violence; students; secondary education; transcultural comparison.

99-121 99-121

Date added: 01/01/2011
Date modified: 12/23/2013
Filesize: 751.52 kB
Downloads: 1708

Ambiente académico y adaptación a la universidad: Un estudio con estudiantes de 1º año de la Universidad do Minho

Ana Paula C. Soares, Leandro S. Almeida y M. Adelina Guisande

Abstract: This paper analyses how the students’ perceptions about the quality of their classroom environment influence their adjustment and academic experiences. Additionally, it also explores whether their classroom perceptions vary by gender and/or field of studies. A sample of 667 first-year students from 16 different degree courses in University of Minho participated in this study. Students answered to the Classroom Environment Scale (CES; Moos & Trickett, 1974) and the Questionnaire of Academic Experiences (QAE; Almeida & Ferreira, 1997) at the beginning and at the end of the second semester, respectively. Results showed a quite positive pattern of students’ classroom environment perceptions, although some significant differences by gender and field of studies have been observed. Furthermore, these perceptions influence positively and in a statically significant way the quality of students’ academic experiences. These results point to the importance of contextual variables in the campus organization in order to promote students adjustment, learning and psychosocial development.

Keywords: academic environment; college adjustment; academic experiences; academic success.